What is Sinusitis?
Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses. Typical symptoms include swelling, blockage, and mucus build up. Sinusitis will cause ear aches, mucus discharge, pressure in the facial area, and sometimes tooth aches.
Causes of Sinusitis:
If you experience chronic sinusitis, it may be an infection or allergies. However, there are other causes such as a deviated septum or nasal polyps, which, are noncancerous growths along the nasal passages or sinuses.
Anatomy of Sinuses:
There are four sets of paired sinuses:
- Maxillary: Of all sinuses, the maxillary are the largest and are most affected by sinusitis
- Frontal: These sinuses are located above the eyes behind the brow ridges. The frontal sinuses are asymmetrical and are not fully developed until seven to eight years after birth.
- Ethmoid: The Ethmoid Sinus is located behind the bridge of nose between the eyes. Sinusitis, or inflammation of the ethmoid, can also affect the frontal and maxillary sinuses. Both the frontal and maxillary sinuses can become blocked if they cannot drain into the ethmoid sinus.
- Sphenoid: Located behind the ethmoid sinus and below the pituitary gland. Although the sphenoid sinus is not easily infected, it is the most dangerous of sinus infections as it can cause neurological damage due to the sinus being connected to the optic nerve.
Treatment for Sinusitis: If your sinusitis has persisted for more than 12 weeks, you may be suffering from chronic sinusitis. There are different treatments depending on the cause of your sinusitis.
Fungal Sinusitis: This type of infection does not respond to antibiotics. Treatment includes antifungal medicine, corticosteroids, or surgery.
Bacterial Sinusitis: Bacterial infections do repsond to antibiotics. You may be prescribed antibiotic therapy. However, drainage problems with your sinuses may need to be addressed in order to prevent a reoccurrence of a bacterial infection which thrives in mucus build up.
Balloon Sinuplasty: This non- invasive treatment helps relieve chronic sinusitis. Many patients are able to return to normal activity after 24 hours. It differs from conventional sinus surgery in that it does not require removal of bone or tissue, thus, you will expect faster recovery and minimal pain. The procedure takes about an hour to perform.
Post-treatment: You may experience some bleeding and swelling.
In order to speed your recovery, follow these tips:
- Sleep with your head elevated
- Only moderate exercise for the next week
- Keep your nasal passages lubricated
- Do not blow your nose for the next 24 hours
More information on Balloon Sinuplasty.
We conduct clinical trails: If you are suffering from chronic sinusitis, you may be eligible to participate in our sinusitis study.